The Palma Intermodal Station was built in 2007, located in the Plaza de España. The main access to the Intermodal Station was through a staircase that descended uncovered towards the centre of the station, with the inconvenience of eventual flooding – due to its condition as a funnel towards the underground infrastructure -, discomfort for passengers on days with a lot of sun or rain and the continuous repairs of the escalators due to the inclement weather.
The intervention focuses on two aspects: to cover the building access to the Intermodal Bus and Railway Station of Palma de Mallorca by means of a flat roof and to emphasize the location of this entrance by means of the location of an information tower, since it is partially hidden between two existing buildings.
The proposal performs a simple action through the formation of a volume composed of a ceramic lattice, which means the minimum transformation of the environment while emphasizing the entrance. Simultaneously, it protects the access of the station from the entrance of the water and supposes the minimum maintenance of the same one thanks to its simple entity.
The starting point of the latticework is aligned with a cornice of the existing buildings, creating a formal dialogue that enriches the chromatic and perceptible relationship between the new ceramics and the old buildings.
The skirts of ceramic pieces rest on a metallic substructure formed by 100×40 tubes, modulated according to the joint of the these pieces. the same time, the thickness of these tubes coincides with the thickness of the mortar joint plus the wall thickness of the ceramic piece, in such a way that the existence of this substructure is not perceived.
The new roof resolves the encounter with the existing pavement by incorporating a strip of composite panels, the same as the existing ones, which is finished off with a glass railing that recovers the view of the gardens of the park of the stations, located just behind the building access.
In front of the roof a square is created that is marked by the information tower, which can be seen from anywhere in the Plaza de España. The tower is lined with composite, as is the existing entrance. Ceramic pieces of the same characteristics are also placed in the strip that coincides with the latticework of the roof.
The ceramic pieces have been designed and created specifically for the roof, and have dimensions of 12x24x12cm. In addition, it has a diagonal that allows it to be placed in both directions, being able to create different patterns, at the same time that it prevents the placement of pigeons in its nucleus.
Consorcio de Transportes
Spain Square, s/n, 07004 Palma, Illes Balears, Spain