The building is located on the boundary between the residential area of the marina of Eivissa and an area of flooded and cultivated land. The urban context presents a heterogeneous and uncharacterized panorama, where buildings for leisure and tourist use coexist next to housing blocks and holiday apartments. A landscape without apparent order resolved from isolated volumetries of disparate images. The aim is to escape from what the immediate environment represents and build a building whose identity is linked to the climate and way of life of the island as does the popular architecture.
We look at the Ibizan farmhouses as an example of architecture that responds to the place: white walls and openings controlled with sunscreens, porches and shaded spaces. Constructions that are perceived volumetrically as a sum of concatenated pavilions, due to their growth over time according to the spatial needs of those who inhabited them.
This way of building by stacking, adding, adding modules according to the programmatic needs of a house is taken as a reference and starting point for the development of the proposal. In order to comply with urban planning regulations, the building must be inscribed in a pyramidal envelope whose contour is determined by its height and distance from party walls. This is the reason for the existence of some of the pyramid-shaped buildings in the area.
The built volume is as close as possible to this maximum envelope in order to free a void in the heart of the building. It generates an interior space that breathes in several directions through linked openings, patios and porches, while organizing the community spaces, circulation, relationship and access to the houses that surround it.
Due to the existence of the water table, very close to the surface, it was decided to avoid excavations and locate the parking on the first floor. The dwellings are distributed among the 5 upper floors, and all of them have at least 2 different orientations, which guarantees proper lighting, sunlight and natural cross ventilation. The building has an excellent energy rating (A). It is built by stacking, adding, adding one house on top of the other, seeking to obtain a final porous and permeable to light and breeze. A housing system is developed and a systematic grouping of rigid unit-types is avoided. The proposed system, strict in the laws that govern it, gives rise to a versatile housing typology that allows the different units to adapt to the particular situations intended without renouncing the standardization of the solutions that the development of the VPO requires. The housing typology is generated from a module-base of square measurements (living-dining-kitchen), to which other smaller modules are attached (extra module for the living room or modules containing the bedrooms and wet areas). The different combinations of these modules according to the number of bedrooms required generate the catalog of dwellings used to construct the building.
As for the materials used, it is remarkable the use of ceramics both in common areas and in the interior of the dwellings. Glazed stoneware and glazed ceramic tiles of different colors and formats are used to characterize the circulation areas of the building and the entrances to the dwellings. A combination of smooth and square 10x20cm and 20x20cm tiles in yellow, light blue, blue and straw colors; 20x20cm blue-straw bevel tile and light blue rectangular lattice.
Ceramic pieces made with a base used is a mixture of clays existing in the area where it is manufactured, a fact that gives them a resistance and unique properties for extrusion and single firing.
The wide range of colors is obtained from the clays themselves and from oxides applied together with a varnish that is unique for its transparency and fluidity, which gives the surface of the pieces a glass-like appearance and texture.
The transparency of the surface and the unalterable quality achieved by the colors at a temperature of over 1000º, give a warm and luminous character to the glazed environments. The compatibility between the different colors is surprising, allowing the most diverse applications and the most imaginative combinations, in an always harmonious and pleasant conjunction.
IBAVI (Institut Municipal de l´Habitatge)
Pep Ripoll, Juan Manuel Tizón
Cristina Oliver, Erik Herrera, Pablo García, Luis Sánchez
Structures: Manuel Arguijo
Installations: Javier Colomar
Installations-Project: Antonio Prats
Contratas Vilor S.L.
Tile of Spain Awards 2022 (ASCER)
C/Xarch, 15. Ibiza. 07800